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Dərs


Növbəti dərsə keçid və ya cari dərsin davamı səhifənin aşağı hissəsindədir.


Dərs 41: 1/5 - Qrammatika dərsləri. (seçdiyiniz səviyyə: beginner)

Bəzi ümumişlək fellər

Untitled Document

Go:

go to ... (go to work / go to London / go to a concert etc.)

  • What time do you usually go to work?
  • I'm going to France next week.
  • Tom didn't want to go to the concert.
  • 'Where's Ann?'    'She's gone to bed.'
  • I went to the dentist last week.

go to sleep = yatmaq (yatmağa getmək)

  • I was very tired and went to sleep quickly.

go home (to hissəciyi olmadan)

  • I'm going home now. (not 'going to home')

 

holiday

 

a trip

go on

a tour

 

an excursion

 

a cruise

  • We're going on holiday next week.
  • Children often go on school trips.
  • When we were in Scotland, we went on a lot of excursions to different places.
  • The workers have gone on strike. (= they are refusing to work)

 

a walk

 

a run

go (somewhere) for a swim
  a drink
  a meal

 

a holiday

  • 'Where's Ann?'    'She's gone for a walk.'
  • Do you go for a run every day?
  • The sea looks nice. Let's go for a swim.
  • We went for a drink after work yesterday.
  • Shall we go out for a meal? I know a good restaurant.
  • They've gone to Scotland for a holiday.
    (We say 'on holiday' but 'for a holiday'.)

go -ing

go -ing ifadəsini bir çox idman növləri (swimming / skiing etc.) və bazarlıqla bağlı işlədirik:

I go
he is going
we went
they have gone
she wants to go

shopping
swimming
fishing
sailing
skiing
jogging

  • Are you going shopping this afternoon?
  • It's a nice day. Let's go swimming, (or Let's go for a swim.)
  • Rachel has a small boat and she often goes sailing.
  • I went jogging before breakfast this morning.


Get:

get a letter / get a job və s. (get isim) = receive/buy/fetch/find:

don't have something -> you get it -> you have it

  • 'Did you get my letter?'    'Yes, I got it yesterday' (= receive)
  • I like your pullover. Where did you get it? (= buy)
  • (on the phone) 'Hello, can 1 speak to Ann, please?' 'One moment. I'll get her.' (=fetch)
  • It's difficult to get a job at the moment. (= find
həmçinin get a bus / a train / a taxi (= take a bus/train və s.):

  • 'Did you come here on foot?'    'No, I got the bus.'

get hungry / get cold / get tired və s. (get adjective) = become:

you're not hungry -> you get hungry -> you are hungry

  • If you don't eat, you get hungry.
  • Drink your coffee. It's getting cold.
  • I'm sorry your mother is ill. I hope she gets better soon.
  • We got very wet because we didn't have an umbrella.

həmçinin get married, get dressed (= put your clothes on), get lost (= lose your way)

  • Linda and Frank are getting married soon.I got up and got dressed quickly. We went for a walk and got lost.

get to a place = arrive:

  • I usually get to work before 8.30. (= arrive at work)
  • We left London at 10 o'clock and got to Manchester at 12.45.
  • How did you get here? By bus?

get home (to hissəciyi olmadan):

  • What time did you get home last night?

get in/out/on/off:

get in (a car), get out (of a car), get on and get off (a bus / a train / a plane)

  • Kate got in the car and drove away. (You can also say: Kate got into the car ...)
  • A car stopped and a man got out. (but A man got out of the car.)
  • We got on the bus outside the hotel and got off in Church Street.


Do:

Do bir qayda olaraq hərəkəti bildirmək üçün işlədilir:

  • What are you doing this evening? ('What are you making?' - yox)
  • 'Shall I open the window?'    'No, it's OK. I'll do it.'
  • Julia's job is very boring. She does the same thing every day.
  • I did a lot of things yesterday.

What do you do? = What's your job?:

  • 'What do you do?'     'I work in a bank.'


Make:

Make = produce/create. Məsələn:

  • She's making coffee.  
  • He has made a cake.  
  • They make umbrellas.
  • It was made in France.

Müqayisə edin, do və make:

  • I did a lot of things yesterday. I cleaned my room, 1 wrote some letters and I made a cake.
  • A: What do you do in your free time? Sport? Reading? Hobbies?
    B: I make clothes. I make dresses and jackets. I also make toys for children.

Do feli ilə olan ifadələr:

do

an exam (examination) / a test
a course
homework
(somebody) a favour
exercises
housework

    1. I'm doing my driving test next week.
    2. John has just done a training course.
    3. Have the children done their homework?
    4. Ann, could you do me a favour?
    5. I go for a run and do exercises every morning.
    6. I hate doing housework, especially cleaning.

həmçinin do the shopping / the washing / the washing-up / the ironing / the cooking və s.:

  • I did the washing but I didn't do the shopping.

Make feli ilə olan ifadələr:

make

a mistake
an appointment
a phone call
a list
a noise
a bed

  • I'm sorry, I made a mistake.
  • I must make an appointment to see the doctor.
  • Excuse me, I have to make a phone call.
  • Have you made a shopping list?
  • It's late. We mustn't make a noise.
  • Sometimes I forget to make my bed in the morning.

We say make a film but take a photograph:

  • When was this film made? but When was this photograph taken?


Have:

have və have got

I've got (something) or I have (something) = it is mine:

  • I've got a new car. or I have a new car.
  • Sue has got long hair, or Sue has long hair.
  • Have they got any children? or Do they have any children?
  • Tim hasn't got a job. or Tim doesn't have a job.
  • How much time have you got? or How much time do you have?

həmçinin

I've got
I have

a headache / (a) toothache / a stomach ache / a pain (in my leg etc.) a cold / a cough / a sore throat / a temperature / flu və s.
  • I've got a headache. or I have a headache.
  • Have you got a cold? or Do you have a cold?

Keçmiş zaman : I had ('got' sözü olmadan) / I didn't have / Did you have? və s.:

  • When I first met Sue, she had short hair.
  • He didn't have any money because he didn't have a job.
  • How much time did you have?

have breakfast / have a shower və s.

Bu cür ifadələrdə have = eat/drink/take və s. 'have got' ifadəsindən istifadə etmək olmaz:

have

breakfast / lunch / dinner
a meal / a sandwich / a pizza
a cup of coffee / a glass of milk
something to eat/drink

  • 'Where's Ann? 'She's having lunch.'
  • I don't usually have breakfast.
  • I had three cups of coffee this morning.
  • 'Have a biscuit!'   'Oh, thank you.'

Aşağıdakı ifadələrdə də have felindən (have got - yox) istifadə olunur:

have

a bath / a shower

a rest / a holiday / a party

a nice time / a good journey etc.

a walk / a swim / a game (of tennis etc.)

a dream / an accident

a baby

a look (at...)

  • I had a shower this morning.
  • We're having a party next week. You must come.
  • Enjoy your holiday. Have a nice time!
  • Did you have a good time in London?
  • Sandra has just had a baby.
  • Can I have a look at your newspaper?

Müqayisə edin, I've got and I have:

  • I've got / I have a new shower. It's very good. (You can use I've got or I have in this sentence.)
  • I have a shower every morning, ( 'I've got' - yox)
  • A: Where's Paul?
    B: He's having a shower. (= he's washing now)

 


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Yeni dərs


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