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Dərs 41: 1/5 - Qrammatika dərsləri. (seçdiyiniz səviyyə: beginner)
Bəzi ümumişlək fellər
go to ... (go to work / go to London / go to a concert etc.)
- What time do you usually go to work?
- I'm going to France next week.
- Tom didn't want to go to the concert.
- 'Where's Ann?' 'She's gone to bed.'
- I went to the dentist last week.
go to sleep = yatmaq (yatmağa getmək)
- I was very tired and went to sleep quickly.
go home (to hissəciyi olmadan)
- I'm going home now. (not 'going to home')
- We're going on holiday next week.
- Children often go on school trips.
- When we were in Scotland, we went on a lot of excursions to different places.
- The workers have gone on strike. (= they are refusing to work)
|go (somewhere) for||a swim|
- 'Where's Ann?' 'She's gone for a walk.'
- Do you go for a run every day?
- The sea looks nice. Let's go for a swim.
- We went for a drink after work yesterday.
- Shall we go out for a meal? I know a good restaurant.
- They've gone to Scotland for a holiday.
(We say 'on holiday' but 'for a holiday'.)
go -inggo -ing ifadəsini bir çox idman növləri (swimming / skiing etc.) və bazarlıqla bağlı işlədirik:
- Are you going shopping this afternoon?
- It's a nice day. Let's go swimming, (or Let's go for a swim.)
- Rachel has a small boat and she often goes sailing.
- I went jogging before breakfast this morning.
get a letter / get a job və s. (get isim) = receive/buy/fetch/find:
don't have something -> you get it -> you have it
- 'Did you get my letter?' 'Yes, I got it yesterday' (= receive)
- I like your pullover. Where did you get it? (= buy)
- (on the phone) 'Hello, can 1 speak to Ann, please?' 'One moment. I'll get her.' (=fetch)
- It's difficult to get a job at the moment. (= find
- 'Did you come here on foot?' 'No, I got the bus.'
get hungry / get cold / get tired və s. (get adjective) = become:
you're not hungry -> you get hungry -> you are hungry
- If you don't eat, you get hungry.
- Drink your coffee. It's getting cold.
- I'm sorry your mother is ill. I hope she gets better soon.
- We got very wet because we didn't have an umbrella.
həmçinin get married, get dressed (= put your clothes on), get lost (= lose your way)
Linda and Frank are getting married soon.I got up and got dressed quickly. We went for a walk and got lost.
get to a place = arrive:
- I usually get to work before 8.30. (= arrive at work)
- We left London at 10 o'clock and got to Manchester at 12.45.
- How did you get here? By bus?
get home (to hissəciyi olmadan):
- What time did you get home last night?
get in (a car), get out (of a car), get on and get off (a bus / a train / a plane)
- Kate got in the car and drove away. (You can also say: Kate got into the car ...)
- A car stopped and a man got out. (but A man got out of the car.)
- We got on the bus outside the hotel and got off in Church Street.
Do bir qayda olaraq hərəkəti bildirmək üçün işlədilir:
- What are you doing this evening? ('What are you making?' - yox)
- 'Shall I open the window?' 'No, it's OK. I'll do it.'
- Julia's job is very boring. She does the same thing every day.
- I did a lot of things yesterday.
What do you do? = What's your job?:
- 'What do you do?' 'I work in a bank.'
Make = produce/create. Məsələn:
- She's making coffee.
- He has made a cake.
- They make umbrellas.
- It was made in France.
Müqayisə edin, do və make:
- I did a lot of things yesterday. I cleaned my room, 1 wrote some letters and I made a cake.
- A: What do you do in your free time? Sport? Reading? Hobbies?
B: I make clothes. I make dresses and jackets. I also make toys for children.
Do feli ilə olan ifadələr:
an exam (examination) / a test
həmçinin do the shopping / the washing / the washing-up / the ironing / the cooking və s.:
- I did the washing but I didn't do the shopping.
Make feli ilə olan ifadələr:
- I'm sorry, I made a mistake.
- I must make an appointment to see the doctor.
- Excuse me, I have to make a phone call.
- Have you made a shopping list?
- It's late. We mustn't make a noise.
- Sometimes I forget to make my bed in the morning.
We say make a film but take a photograph:
- When was this film made? but When was this photograph taken?
have və have got
I've got (something) or I have (something) = it is mine:
- I've got a new car. or I have a new car.
- Sue has got long hair, or Sue has long hair.
- Have they got any children? or Do they have any children?
- Tim hasn't got a job. or Tim doesn't have a job.
- How much time have you got? or How much time do you have?
|a headache / (a) toothache / a stomach ache / a pain (in my leg etc.) a cold / a cough / a sore throat / a temperature / flu və s.|
- I've got a headache. or I have a headache.
- Have you got a cold? or Do you have a cold?
Keçmiş zaman : I had ('got' sözü olmadan) / I didn't have / Did you have? və s.:
- When I first met Sue, she had short hair.
- He didn't have any money because he didn't have a job.
- How much time did you have?
have breakfast / have a shower və s.
Bu cür ifadələrdə have = eat/drink/take və s. 'have got' ifadəsindən istifadə etmək olmaz:
breakfast / lunch / dinner
- 'Where's Ann? 'She's having lunch.'
- I don't usually have breakfast.
- I had three cups of coffee this morning.
- 'Have a biscuit!' 'Oh, thank you.'
Aşağıdakı ifadələrdə də have felindən (have got - yox) istifadə olunur:
- I had a shower this morning.
- We're having a party next week. You must come.
- Enjoy your holiday. Have a nice time!
- Did you have a good time in London?
- Sandra has just had a baby.
- Can I have a look at your newspaper?
Müqayisə edin, I've got and I have:
- I've got / I have a new shower. It's very good. (You can use I've got or I have in this sentence.)
- I have a shower every morning, ( 'I've got' - yox)
- A: Where's Paul?
B: He's having a shower. (= he's washing now)
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